The Circle of Voices (Brookfield & Preskill, pg. 80)
- Pose a question, read a passage, etc. that focuses the discussion.
- Ask students to form groups of 4-5.
- Allow students a few minutes of quite time to organize their thoughts.
- Each student in the group then has 3 minutes of uninterrupted time to respond (this can be done sequentially, or in whatever order, as long as everyone speaks for 3 minutes).
- After everyone in the circle has had their 3 minutes, the discussion is opened up with the following ground rule: Students are allowed to talk only about other people’s ideas, not expand on their own ideas (unless asked a direct question).
Circular Response (Brookfield & Preskill, pg. 81-2)
There are 6 ground rules:
- No one may be interrupted while speaking.
- No one may speak out of turn in the circle.
- Each person is allowed only 3 minutes to speak.
- Each person must begin by paraphrasing the comments of the previous discussant.
- Each person, in all comments, must strive to show how his or her remarks relate to the comments of the previous discussant.
- After each discussant, the floor is open for general reactions (timed or not).
Hatful of Quotes (Brookfield & Preskill, pg. 82-3)
- Write/type 5-6 sentences/passages/quotes from the text onto slips of paper (one slip of paper for each student in class).
- Put slips of paper in a hat.
- Have each student pull a slip of paper from the hat.
- Give students a few minutes to organize their thoughts about the quote on the slip of paper.
- Each student reads quote and comments on it (timed or not).
Designated Listeners (Brookfield & Preskill, pg. 96-7)
- At some point in the semester, each student takes on the role of the designated listener.
- During a discussion, the designated listener does not contribute (except to ask for clarification of someone else’s contribution).
- At the end of the discussion, the designated is responsible for summarizing the discussion.
There are additional discussion and groupwork protocols I like that I will share in future blog posts, Parts 2-4. In these future posts on protocols, I will share ideas on how to use them to facilitate asynchronous and synchronous discussions in online courses.
Related posts in this blog:
Discussion ground rules
Don’t jump into discussions
Engaging quieter online students
Small groups reporting out to the large group?
Karma (or inspiration) points for discussion assessment
Structures for asynchronous online discussions (Protocols Part 2)
Structures for synchronous online discussions (Protocols Part 3)
Structures for small groups reporting out to whole group (Protocols Part 4)